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CANNABIS CULTURE — A business in Israel declared recently that it’s the first to develop a breed of cannabis low in THC and high in cannabidiol (CBD) with the pure breeding process with no abnormal genetic alterations.
Although this claim is misleading regarding the novelty of this kind of strain, I feel it was truthful regarding the process by which such a strain was made. But is the origin of high-CBD strains hereditary, or can it be a factor of the surroundings? Probably both.
[A]n Israeli company claims it’s the first to develop an anxiety of the cannabis plant which contains almost no THC in any respect. … The new cannabis strain took about 3 years to develop through cross-breeding, based on Zach Klein of Tikkun Olam. There was no genetic engineering involved, he said. The new breed is natural. "Avidekel" is the nickname for the CBD breed, Klein said. "
I don’t think this company is the "first to develop a breed of the cannabis plant that contains almost no THC at all. " This 2005 article from Cannabis Culture cites GW Pharmaceutical growing "virtually mono-cannabinoidic plants which create high percentages of those goal cannabinoids: THC, CBD, THC-V, CBC, CBD-V, CBG or CBN. "
This lab report suggests that "cannatonic #6" was full of CBD with barely any THC, possibly also suggesting the "cannatonic" breed is unstable, genetically producing different cannabinoid results with every single plant, or receiving different outcomes under different growing conditions.
17% of Harborside Healthcenter’s analyzed cannabis rated at or above 1% CBD, together with three strains in the 14 to 16% range of CBD.
And of course that almost every industrial hemp variety ever created contains nearly no THC at all. As an example, this newspaper written in 1996 lists several industrial hemp varieties with next to no THC and 4 percent to 5 percent CBD.
Though Tikkun Olam’s claims of originality are untrue, I feel the business was right in describing the mating process as the way of designing high-CBD strains, but there is some disagreement as to whether the plant’s traits are the result of genetics or the environment. I think it’s probably equally.
CBD is controlled from the genetics of the plant, interval. " Perhaps what he means to say is the highest amounts of CBD are controlled by genetics, but based on Hillig and Mahlberg, the amounts can dip when all sorts of factors are increased or decreased.
It’s possible these factors are also at play during the choice process, and also have subtle or not-so-subtle consequences on the breeding process itself. I’m not a geneticist, but what I do know is there’s ample evidence of low-THC, high-CBD strains all over the area, some which have existed until the invention of cbd oil for depression and anxiety genetic modification. That means, of course, genetically modification isn’t required to create those strains. It is as simple as catching some industrial hemp seeds, growing out them and choosing for top CBD.
Dr. Allan Frankel, a Santa Monica MD who works with Green Bridge Medical, composed a series of blogs blasting activists concerned about GM cannabis, as a reply to some dialogue (including myself, Dr. Frankel, and attorney Letitia Pepper) on an email list:
http://www.greenbridgemed.com/2012/07/07/highless-marijuana-or-rich-cbd/ http://www.greenbridgemed.com/2012/07/08/there-is-no-gmo-cannabis/ http://www.greenbridgemed.com/2012/07/08/highless-and-gmo-marijuana-nope-just-rich-cbd-cannabis/ http://www.greenbridgemed.com/2012/07/08/please-get-our-facts-straight-there-is-no-gmo-cannabis/
In his articles, Dr. Frankel asserts there "is no more GMO cannabis", also appears to confuse my opinion with Letitia Pepper’s.
As mentioned previously, I think you can get low-THC, high-CBD from ordinary, non-GMO breeding methods, or by most industrial hemp. I don’t really think these strains are a danger or even a conspiracy or inefficient medicinally, and I don’t even have a problem with what’s going on in Israel.
Though I don’t believe that GMO cannabis now exists (as Letitia does), I think there could possibly be this kind of creation in the functions, and a ban on genetically altered cannabis would be a good thing.
At this time, there are projects ongoing to modify all useful medication plants, and proof that cannabis is a probable candidate — for proprietary reasons.
Cannabis seeds from Monsanto are nearly definitely genetically engineered. Genetically engineered plants could be patented, and it’s in Monsanto’s best interest to hold a patent on any seed that they sell.
Seed patents ensure that companies such as Monsanto can continue to gain from seeds from year to year, as farmers have been legally bound to buy patented seeds from the patent holder instead of simply store them from the last year’s harvest.
At a first step in engineering a naturopathic Cannabis plant for hemp oil and fiber, University of Minnesota researchers have identified genes generating tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive chemical in marijuana. Studying the genes may also lead to new and improved medication for pain, nausea and other ailments.
And in 2010, one of the USA’s leading farming organizations "passed a bizarre new policy announcement in support of industrial hemp cultivation, but only if it’s genetically modified (GMO) and keeps cannabis prohibition with quite heavy law enforcement. " The National Grange of the Order of Patron of Husbandry, known only as "The Grange", stated:
We do not in any way support or condone the development or use of marijuana for a hallucinogen.
"We support strict enforcement of laws that now ban the sale and production of marijuana or that classify all species of cannabis as a Class 1 controlled substance in the US. We oppose amending these laws as the key means of promoting industrial hemp production. Rather we urge further research and application of current biotechnology practices to create genetically modified industrial hemp that will be biologically incompatible with all other types of cannabis or marijuana.
We further urge that genetically modified industrial hemp contains different chemical markers which will efficiently identify industrial hemp varieties using low cost and accurate on-site testing methods with the intention of contract compliance, law enforcement and as proof in court. "
While none of this is evidence that GM cannabis is present, the reality that other medication plants are often exposed to GM, which cannabis is a significant — if not the major — money crop on planet earth, and that GM cannabis is being discussed differently, is proof that GM cannabis is probably later on.
CBD indicates no psychotropic effects, but some clinically significant consequences are found. Of interest in this context is that the activity of CBD on the mind. You will find sleep-inducing (Carlini 1981), anxiolytic and anti-psychotic effects, in addition to an antagonism of the psychotropic effects of THC. High levels of THC can cause anxiety, anxiety reactions and practical psychotic states.
Zuardi et al. (1997) found a significant reduction of stress in a version of speech simulation, with 300 mg CBD comparable to 10 mg of the sedative diazepam. The exact same working group treated a young schizophrenic man who was admitted to a hospital because of competitive behaviour, self-injury, incoherent ideas and hallucinations, for four weeks with doses up to 1,500 mg CBD. All signs improved markedly with CBD, so the improvement couldn’t only be attributed to an anxiolytic effect. The study revealed that CBD obstructed the stress produced by THC.
This inhibition was extended to the marijuana-like effects and other alterations due to THC.
Apparently CBD could be given in massive doses with no side effects and becomes very effective as an anti-psychotic when given in those doses.
Last, but certainly not least, CBD appears to shrink tumors.
It is of fantastic value to have low-THC, high-CBD medication, because many people don’t want to find large (or don’t want to get too high) but would like to swallow cannabinoids, so my hat is off to the Israelis of Tikkun Olam. Good job! Well done!
CBD in Industrial Hemp.
According Tikkun Olam’s site, they do not charge for people who can’t manage their cannabis. Regrettably, those in Canada and the United States who wish to buy high-CBD cannabis goods are confronted with high rates for the dried herb or the seeds.
1 eighth of "Cannatonic" can operate as large as $60 and the seeds can cost approximately $94 each 10 seeds ($157 to get feminized seeds), should they’re accessible at all.
Lucky for us Canadians, there is another option. Industrial hemp is growing around Canada:
In 2010 it was estimated that 25,000 have been grown. Hemp has been developed with success from coast–to–coast.
And this hemp is rich in CBD, according to every source I could find.
In industrial hemp, CBD is the predominant cannabinoid and frequently happens in a CBD/THC ratio of over 8:1.
Dr. Mahlberg went on to point out an extraction from industrial hemp using a deceptive procedure found on the Internet will end in a sludge containing many poisonous components and very little THC. Of course the preponderant cannabinoid within this sludge will be CBD.
Canadian art’t made to order any special "cannatonic" high-CBD seeds to get a lot of CBD medication, they just need to drift into some industrial hemp field in the autumn before harvest with some ice and some buckets and some water and walk out with a ball of top CBD hash the size of your head. Illegal? Yes.
But free. There are even fallow hemp fields from the year before that the predator probably wouldn’t mind (or even would’t detect ) you doing this with. It matters not the industrial hemp is only 6% CBD and these Israeli strains (or the California high-CBD strains) are 15% or 20% CBD. You can only grow a few of those "medicinal" plants but you can access acres of industrial hemp, and that means you end up getting a whole lot more CBD with industrial hemp over-all. Like I said previously, industrial hemp CBD is a waste product that is being thrown-out from the ton annually when it could be harvested for tumor-shrinking (in this informative article Fukushima planet ). This ‘s the real story nobody is talking about, but everybody ought to be talking about.
If people desire to experiment with crossing their large THC varieties with workable high-CBD industrial hemp seeds, then there are some available here for a very reasonable cost: $5 for what appears to be over 20 seeds.
This research paper says you can cross high-THC strains with high-CBD strains to get a mixture of both together.
Whatever you do, remember that even low-THC industrial hemp is illegal to grow in the US under almost all conditions, and prohibited to grow in Canada unless you’ve got ten acres, no criminal record, and you also fill out a whack of types. If they catch you, the police will still treat you as if you were growing that nasty THC stuff.